A New York Family Lawyer said in this case, petitioners appeal from so much of a judgment, as denied their request for class action treatment and dismissed so much of their consolidated proceedings as challenged the respondents’ 22-hour per day lock-in policy with respect to certain pretrial detainees.
A New York Custody lawyer said that initially the respondents argue that because none of the named appellants is at the present time incarcerated at the Correctional Center, this matter should be deemed academic and the appeal dismissed.
The Court disagreed inasmuch as the lock-in of pretrial detainees will doubtless recur and because the questions presented on this appeal are of substantial importance and general interest.
At all times in these proceedings the respondents have represented that the administrators of the Nassau County Correctional Center will comply with any judicial determination in this matter. That being so, we are convinced that any subsequent pretrial detainees similarly situated to petitioners will be adequately protected under the principle of stare decisis and that Special Term correctly concluded that class action relief is not necessary in these proceedings.
A New York Custody attorney said that the petitioners were pretrial detainees confined in a special housing unit at the Nassau County Correctional Center known as the lock-in tier. The principal issue raised in these proceedings is the Correctional Center’s policy of confining inmates housed in the lock-in tier to their cells for 22 hours per day.
A Manhattan Family Lawyer the petitioners’ contention is that the practice is neither reasonable nor necessary to the maintenance of security and is, therefore, constitutionally infirm. Conversely, the respondents contend that the reason for the lock-in tier is to maximize the protection to be afforded to the inmates housed in the tier and that the 22-hour lock-in policy is an appropriate response on their part to maintain security at the Center. In essence, it is the respondents’ position that to insure inmate safety for those in protective custody, certain restrictions must be allowed. The parties agree that the primary purpose of the lock-in tier is protective custody and that almost all of the inmates are placed in the lock-in tier at their own request.
A Manhattan Child Custody Lawyer said in a case, the Court held that those incarcerated in New York prior to conviction are entitled to greater rights under the New York State Constitution. The issue in said case was contact visitation to pretrial detainees. With respect thereto the majority stated that the validity of any regimen imposed upon pretrial detainees requires “a balancing of the harm to the individual resulting from the condition imposed against the benefit sought by the government through its enforcement”, and the majority took pains to point out that economic considerations bear little weight in the balancing process.
Applying that standard here, the Court found no compelling government necessity which can justify the blanket confinement for a minimum 22 hours per day of all inmates in protective custody at the Correctional Center, and hold that the 22-hour lock-in policy simply does not pass constitutional muster.
Thus, the Court held that the conditions of incarceration of pretrial detainees in protective custody at the Correctional Center violate their rights to due process insofar as all such inmates are locked in their cells for a minimum of 22 hours per day without regard for the individual situation of each detainee. While it may be that the safety of certain individual pretrial detainees will mandate such restrictive confinement, that particular determination can, and should, be made on a case-by-case basis and cannot be relied upon as support for the universal 22-hour lock-in procedure now in effect.
In sum, the Court held that absent special circumstances related to the safety of an individual inmate, pretrial detainees held in protective custody are to be afforded additional out-of-cell time consistent with the stability and security of the Correctional Center.
Therefore, the Court modified the order of Special Term and remit the matter to that court for the framing of an appropriate order based on adequate guidelines to be drawn at Special Term after such further hearings or deliberations as may be deemed necessary. In view of the nature of the conditions involved, we direct that the matter be disposed of with appropriate dispatch.
The judgment should be modified in accordance with this opinion and the matter remitted to Special Term for prompt proceedings consistent herewith. The judgment otherwise should be affirmed insofar as appealed from.
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