A New York Family Lawyer said this proceeding involves an appeal from an order of the Family Court of Columbia County entered 31 July 2007 which granted petitioner’s application in proceeding No. 1 pursuant to Family Ct Act article 10 to adjudicate respondent’s child to be neglected and from an order of said court entered 31 July 2007 which granted petitioner’s application in proceeding No. 2 pursuant to Social Services Law § 384-b to adjudicate the subject children to be permanently neglected and terminated respondent’s parental rights.
A and B (born in 2002 and 2004, respectively) were voluntarily placed by respondent in petitioner’s custody in February 2005. The parties agreed to a plan to locate and secure suitable housing for respondent and her children, as well as cooperate with petitioner in obtaining mental health services. This is so required by the petitioner as against the respondent to regain custody of her children. It also required that she participate in classes designed to enhance her parenting skills. Shortly thereafter, respondent, without giving notice to petitioner, relocated to New York City and, in December 2005, gave birth to a third child, C. In August 2006, Family Court determined that A and B were neglected children based upon respondent’s failure to keep petitioner informed of her address, as well as her failure to participate in preparing a plan for the children’s future or inquire about their status.
Thereafter, a New York Divorce Lawyer said that the New York County Department of Social Services commenced proceeding No. 1 pursuant to Family Ct Act article 10 to adjudicate C as a neglected child. C was temporarily removed from respondent’s custody and this proceeding was transferred to Columbia County. Petitioner then commenced proceeding No. 2 pursuant to Social Services Law § 384-b to adjudicate A and B to be permanently neglected. Family Court held a fact-finding hearing on both proceedings and ultimately found C to be neglected and A and B to be permanently neglected and terminated respondent’s parental rights with respect to A and B. Respondent now appeals.
Based upon the finding of neglect of A and B, the Family Court found that C was a derivatively neglected child. The court specifically pointed to the fact that respondent had not taken meaningful steps to obtain suitable housing for the children or provide them with appropriate care, as well as her failure to cooperate with petitioner in its effort to obtain necessary mental health services for her. A finding of derivative neglect based upon conduct by a respondent toward another child may be made where the conduct demonstrates such a flawed understanding of parental duty to protect children from harm so as to create a substantial risk of harm for any child in his or her care as held in Matter of Natasha RR., Matter of Melissa L. and Matter of Landon W. However, the prior finding of neglect must be so proximate in time to the derivative proceeding so as to enable the fact finder to reasonably conclude that the condition still exists akin to Matter of Landon W., Matter of Henry W., Matter of Natasha RR. and Matter of Hunter YY.
A Nassau County Family Lawyer said in the case at bar, respondent was found to have neglected A and B in August 2006 as a result of her near total failure to live up to her obligations to provide for their basic needs. She not only failed to provide them with a proper shelter but she simply refused to recognize the need to participate in programs designed to enhance her relationship with her children and programs that would provide her with the basic tools required for their care and well-being. She did not, as required, keep petitioner informed of the numerous changes in her address while the children were in foster care and maintained only sporadic contact with them during that time.
A foster care caseworker employed by petitioner testified that while respondent attended an initial session, two subsequent sessions and one session with a psychiatrist. Her file was subsequently closed because of her failure to attend scheduled sessions. The record also indicates that after moving to New York City, respondent, for a time, lived in a homeless shelter and failed to provide petitioner with adequate contact information regarding her whereabouts. Additionally, at the time the neglect proceeding was heard, respondent was renting a single room in the Bronx and had not obtained suitable housing for her family. Finally, both the caseworker and respondent testified that, as of the date of the hearing, respondent had not yet begun participating in parenting classes and did not attend scheduled visits with her children.
These conditions continued to exist when the derivative neglect hearing regarding C was held similar to the cases of Matter of Suzanne RR., Matter of Landon W. and Matter of Natasha RR. Indeed, respondent by her conduct has demonstrated that her judgment as to the care she rendered A and B was so profoundly impaired as to justify Family Court’s conclusion that she is simply not able to provide for C’s health, well-being or his basic needs akin to Matter of Suzanne RR., Matter of Landon W. and Matter of Natasha RR. As a result, the finding that C is a derivatively neglected child is supported by a clear preponderance of the credible evidence introduced at the hearing in accordance with Family Ct Act § 1046 [b] [i], Matter of Brandi U. and Matter of Evelyn B.
Turning next to the petition alleging that respondent permanently neglected A and B, the agency must establish that it made diligent efforts to promote and strengthen the parent- child relationship, and that those efforts, through no fault of the agency, failed based on the Social Services Law § 384-b , Matter of Gregory B., Matter of George M. and Matter of Melissa DD. The agency is required to cooperate with the parent to develop a plan that is designed to provide the children and family with appropriate services.
In the case at bar, after A and B were placed in foster care in February 2005, petitioner referred respondent to Berkshire Farm Intensive Transitional Services which assists parents with home finding, visitation and finding employment. However, within a month of that referral, respondent was discharged from that program because she refused to attend meetings and was described by program personnel as difficult to get to come in as she was asked to do.
Petitioner then arranged for respondent to receive services through Columbia County Mental Health, but after completing an initial evaluation and attending several appointments, respondent unilaterally ceased participation in the program and did not cooperate with petitioner’s ongoing efforts to provide her with counseling. Respondent then, without notifying petitioner, moved to New York City in April 2005 and, for the next eight months, had no contact with petitioner. Upon learning that respondent was residing in Nassau County, petitioner attempted, without success, to arrange for respondent to visit with her children at agency expense and sought to involve her with appropriate mental health services. While some visitation did in fact take place, it was at best sporadic and, for long periods of time, respondent—despite petitioner’s diligent efforts—had little or no contact with her children.
In that regard, respondent claims that petitioner should have honored her request that the children be relocated and placed in a foster care setting nearer to where she was then residing. Petitioner concluded that relocating the children at that time would not have been in their best interests in accordance with Social Services Law § 384-b  [a]), because they had been living together with the same foster care family for almost two years, and had made significant progress in successfully adjusting to this arrangement. Moreover, respondent’s persistent failure to maintain contact with the agency, as well as the numerous changes she had made in her own living arrangements while the children were in foster care, coupled with her history of not regularly visiting her children, provided ample support for petitioner’s conclusion that moving the children at that time was not in their best interests.
A Staten Island Family Lawyer said the court is satisfied that petitioner proved, by clear and convincing evidence, that respondent, although physically and financially able to do so, failed to maintain contact with or plan for the children for 15 out of the most recent 22 months that they were in foster care in accordance with Social Services Law § 384-b  [g] [i];  [a]; Matter of George M. and Matter of Melissa DD. She did not visit the children for over a year beginning in April 2005, and then had only sporadic contact with them.
Further, respondent’s failure to obtain suitable housing for the children, or to participate in mental health services despite those services having been made readily available to her, only served to reinforce the conclusion that she was not prepared to accept responsibility for her children’s future based in Social Services Law § 384-b  [a] and Matter of Melissa DD.
Finally, evidence presented at the hearing established that respondent had the means at her disposal to maintain contact with the children and to participate in a meaningful way in planning for their future in accordance with Social Services Law § 384-b  [a]. During this period, she received Supplemental Social Security Income benefits and, for much of the time that she resided in Nassau County, was gainfully employed. In addition, she received substantial financial assistance throughout this period from petitioner to enable her to visit her children.
As stated by Family Court, respondent had the wherewithal to care for her children, but instead chose to undertake a course of conduct not in their best interests, and to pursue avenues and desires of her own.
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